Endnotes2017-03-03T18:33:19+00:00

[1]   Law Commission of Ontario, Best Practices at Family Justice System Entry Points:  Needs of Users and Responses of Workers in the Justice System Consultation Paper – September 2009.  (Toronto ON:  Law Commission of Ontario, 2009) at 5, online www.lco-cdo.org (last accessed:  14 May 2010).

[2]  Law Commission of Ontario, Best Practices at Family Justice System Entry Points at 5.

[3]   The term “multidisciplinary service delivery” is used in this paper to express the idea of different professionals work together collaboratively whilst retaining distinct roles.  See Chapter Two for an elaboration on this term.

[4]   The continuum described here does not include two other very important components of legal services that occupy the time and effort of legal professionals in Ontario.  These two components are legal advocacy and law reform, both of which are oriented towards seeking changes in the law.  Although legal advocacy and law reform can have a major impact on the lives of users of the family justice system in Ontario, for our purposes they do not involve the provision of first-order legal services for families facing problems or challenges.  

[5]  Charles E. Pascal, With Our Best Future in Mind:  Implementing Early Learning in Ontario (Toronto:  Government of Ontario, June 2009) at 16.

[6]   For this idea of particular clusters of problems faced by families, see Pascoe Pleasance, Causes of Action:  Civil Law and Social Justice, Second Edition (London UK:  Legal Services Commission, 2006) at 66.

[7]  Hazel Genn, Paths to Justice:  What people do and think about going to law (Oxford UK: Hart Publishing, 1999).

[8]   For this distinction, see Mary Anne Noone, “Towards Integrated Legal Service Delivery”, La Trobe University School of Law Legal Studies Working Paper 2009/1 (Melbourne Australia:  La Trobe University School of Law, 2009) at 6.  Available at papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1425099 (last accessed:  29 April 2010).

[9]  Pascoe Pleasance, Causes of Action:  Civil Law and Social Justice, Second Edition (London UK:  Legal Services Commission, 2006) at 66ff.

[10]   The Association of Ontario Health Centres Fact Sheet, available at http://www.aohc.org/aohc/index.aspx?CategoryID=71 (last accessed:  18 May 2010).

[11]  http://www.aohc.org/aohc/index.aspx?CategoryID=3&lang=en-CA (last accessed:  18 May 2010).

[12]  http://www.aohc.org/aohc/index.aspx?CategoryID=3&lang=en-CA (last accessed:  18 May 2010).  We have inserted “multidisciplinary” into this statement of principles in order to maintain the consistency of usage throughout the paper.

[13]  Peter Morgan & Lynne Cohen, “ Community health centres: Do they pose a threat to fee-for-service medicine?”(1991) 144 Canadian Medical Association Journal 745 at 745-747.

[14]  Charles E. Pascal, With Our Best Future in Mind:  Implementing Early Learning in Ontario (Toronto:  Government of Ontario, June 2009) at 1.

[15]  Pascal, With Our Best Future in Mind at 16.

[16]   http://www.children.gov.on.ca/htdocs/English/topics/earlychildhood/oeyc/index.aspx (last accessed:  24 May 2010).

[17]   http://www.edu.gov.on.ca/earlylearning/EL_FactSheet_Jan2010.pdf (last accessed:  23 May 2010).

[18]  Pascal, With Our Best Future in Mind at 59-60.

[19]  Pascal, With Our Best Future in Mind at 1.

[20]   Karen Spencer and Pam Mank, “It’s All About Team Work:  A Co-ordinated Response to Family Violence,” (Winter 2006) Child and Family 18 at 19-20.

[21]   Law Society of Upper Canada, Press Release:  “Ontario public to be given opportunity to talk about their legal needs” (June 17, 2009), http://www.lsuc.on.ca/media/june1709_newscanada.pdf (last accessed:  20 May 2010).

[22]   Law Society of Upper Canada, “Ontario public to be given opportunity to talk about their legal needs.”

[23]  This finding in Ontario is consistent with major studies of legal needs and the perceptions of users in the United States.  See in particular Sally Merry, Getting Justice and Getting Even:  legal consciousness among working-class Americans (University of Chicago Press, 1991) and Patricia Ewick & Susan Silbey, The Common Place of Law:  stories from everyday life (University of Chicago Press, 1998).

[24]  See Alfred A. Mamo, Peter G. Jaffe, and Debbie G. Chiodo, Recapturing and Renewing the Vision of the Family Court (2007), at 8, available at http://www.crvawc.ca/documents/Family%20Court%20Study%202007.pdf (last accessed:  21 May 2010).

[25]   For more information, see http://www.fvpwaterloo.ca/en/ (last accessed:  21 May 2010).

[26]  On-Site Interviews, April 20, 2010.

[27]  http://news.ontario.ca/mag/en/2010/04/victim-services-awards-of-distinction-1.html (last accessed:  21 May 2010).

[28]  For more information, see http://www.lampchc.org/ (last accessed:  21 May 2010).

[29]   http://www.lampchc.org/mission (last accessed:  21 May 2010).

[30]   LAMP:  Building a Health Community (Toronto:  LAMP CHC, n.d.).

[31]   For more information, see http://www.hincksdellcrest.org/ (last accessed:  21 May 2010).

[32]   http://www.hincksdellcrest.org/Home/Services-to-Infants-Youth-and-Children/Our-Philosophy.aspx (last accessed:  21 May 2010).

[33]   The Hincks-Dellcrest Centre, Information for Referral Sources and Community Partners (Toronto:  Hincks-Dellcrest Centre, 2009) & A Mental Health Service for Infants, Children, Youth, and Their Families (Toronto:  Hincks-Dellcrest Centre, n.d.). 

[34]  For more information, see  http://bright-ideas-software.com/nrfs/  (last accessed:  21 June 2010).

[35]   http://bright-ideas-software.com/nrfs/who.htm (last accessed:  21 June 2010).

[36]   For more information, see http://www.durhamdriven.com/main/index.php (last accessed:  21 May 2010).

[37]   http://www.durhamdriven.com/main/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=46&Itemid=49 (last accessed:  21 May 2010).

[38]  Ontario Coalition for Better Child Care, Bulletin #4 (2009), available at www.childcareontario.org (last accessed:  21 April 2010).

[39]   Mary Anne Noone, “Towards Integrated Legal Service Delivery”, La Trobe University School of Law Legal Studies Working Paper 2009/1 (Melbourne Australia:  La Trobe University School of Law,  2009) at 4ff.  Available apapers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1425099 (last accessed:  29 April 2010).

[40]   Louise G. Trubek and Jennifer J. Farnham, “Social Justice Collaboratives: Multidisciplinary Practices for People” (2000) 7 Clinical Law Review 201, at 257-258.

[41]   Peter Morgan & Lynne Cohen, “ Community health centres: Do they pose a threat to fee-for-service medicine?”(1991) 144 Canadian Medical Association Journal 745 at 745-747.

[42]   http://www.cpso.on.ca/policies/positions/default.aspx?id=1742 (last accessed:  23 May 2010).

[43]   Frederick H. Zemans, “The Dream is Still Alive:  Twenty-five Years of Parkdale Community Legal Services and the Osgoode Hall Law School Intensive Program in Poverty Law,” (1997) 35 Osgoode Hall Law Journal 499 at 511-520.

[44]   American Bar Association, http://www.abanet.org/cpr/mdp/mdprecom10f.html (last accessed:  5 May 2010).

[45]   American Bar Association, http://www.abanet.org/cpr/mdp/mdprecom10f.html (last accessed:  5 May 2010).

[46]   Multi-Disciplinary Practice Task Force, Report to Convocation November 26, 1999, at 1, available at http://www.lsuc.on.ca/media/MDPreportnov99.PDF (last accessed:  22 June 2010).

[47]   The Law Society of Upper Canada amended its bylaws in May 2001 to regulate law firms “affiliated” with non-lawyers.  

[48]   Law Society of Upper Canada, “Rules of Professional Conduct:  Rule 6”, available online at http://www.lsuc.on.ca/regulation/a/profconduct/rule6/ (last accessed:  4 May 2010).

[49]   Paul D. Paton, “Multidisciplinary Practice Redux: Globalization, Core Values, and Reviving the MDP Debate in America,” 78 Fordham Law Review 2193 (2010).

[50]  See “Summary of Submissions and Consultations” for the Report of the Legal Aid Review 2008, available at http://www.attorneygeneral.jus.gov.on.ca/english/about/pubs/trebilcock/section5.asp (last accessed:  22 June 2010).

[51]   See the HPRAC report, Critical Links : Transforming and Supporting Patient Care: A Report to the Minister of Health and Long-Term Care on Mechanisms to Facilitate and Support Interprofessional Collaboration and a New Framework for the Prescribing and Use of Drugs by Non-Physician Regulated Health Professions (February 2009), available at http://www.health.gov.on.ca/english/public/pub/ministry_reports/hprac_08/5_critical_links_200900202.pdf (last accessed:  16 June 2010).  For more reports by HPRAC in a similar view, see http://www.health.gov.on.ca/english/public/pub/ministry_reports/hprac_08/hprac_08.html (last accessed:  20 June 2010). 

[52]   A similar observation in an Australia context is made by Helen Rhoades, Hilary Astor, Ann Sanson, and Meredith O’Connor, “Enhancing inter-professional relationships in a changing family law system:  Final Report,” (Melbourne AU:  University of Melborne, May 2008), at 43-44.  Available online at http://www.law.unimelb.edu.au/files/Inter-ProfessionalRelationshipsStudyFinalReport.pdf (last accessed:  29 April 2010).  For a discussion of Australia’s response, see Jennifer E. McIntosh, Hon. Diana Bryant, and Kristen Murray, Evidence of a Different Nature:  The Child Responsive and Less Adversarial Initiatives of the Family Court in Australia,” (2008) 46 Family Court Review 125 at 125-131.

[53]   Shelina Jeshani, “Summary Report” (Mississauga ON:  Catholic Family Services Peel-Dufferin, n.d.) at 3.

[54]   For this emphasis, see M. Jerry McHale, Irene Robertson, and Andrea Clarke, “Building a Child Protection Mediation Program in British Columbia,” (2009) 47 Family Court Review 86 at 86-87. 

[55]   Austin Sarat and William L. F. Felstiner, Divorce Lawyers and Their Clients:  Power & Meaning in the Legal Process (New York:  Oxford University Press, 1995), at 85-107.

[56]   See Stephen Gaetz, Street Justice:  Homeless Youth and Access to Justice (Toronto:  Report Prepared for Justice for Children and Youth, 2002).

[57]  Alfred A. Mamo, Peter G. Jaffe, and Debbie G. Chiodo, Recapturing and Renewing the Vision of the Family Court (2007), at 42, available at http://www.crvawc.ca/documents/Family%20Court%20Study%202007.pdf (last accessed:  21 May 2010).

[58]   See generally Lynda Davies and Laurienne Ring, Building Better Teams:  A Toolkit for Strengthening Teamwork in Community Health Centres (Toronto:  Association of Ontario Health Centres, April 2007), 19-89. 

[59]   See Mamo, Jaffe, and Chiodo, Recapturing and Renewing the Vision of the Family Court at 42-43.

[60]  http://www.webex.com/what-is-webex/index.html (last accessed:  21 June 2010).

[61]  http://www.gotomeeting.com/fec/online_meeting (last accessed:  21 June 2010).

[62]  http://www.adobe.com/products/acrobatconnectpro/webconferencing/enterprise.html (last accessed:  21 June 2010).

[63]   http://www.connectnetwork.ca/ (last accessed:  23 May 2010).

[64]   These are the findings of Shelina Jeshani, “Summary Report” (Mississauga ON:  Catholic Family Services Peel-Dufferin, n.d.) at 4.

[65]   See Mary Ann Forgey and Lisa Colarossi, “Interdisciplinary Social Work and Law:  A Model Domestic Violence Curriculum,” (2003) 39 Journal of Social Work Education 459 at 459-478; Joseph Kozakiewicz, “Social Work   Law:  A Model Approach to Interdisciplinary Education, Practice, and Community-Based Advocacy,” (2008) 46 Family Court Review 598 at 599-602; Amy G. Applegate,  Brian M. D’Onofrio, and Amy Holtzworth-Munroe, “Training and Transforming Students Through Interdisciplinary Education:  The intersection of Law and Psychology,“ (2009) 47 Family Court Review 468 at 470-477.      

Previous 
First Page 
Table of Contents