The LCO commissioned this paper to provide background research for its Legal Capacity, Decision‐Making and Guardianship project. The views expressed in this paper do not necessarily reflect the views of the LCO.

Table of Contents

I. Introduction
II. Analytical Framework: A Rights-Based Principled Approach
III. Monitoring and Accountability of Guardians in Ontario
IV. Case Examples
V. Monitoring and Accountability of Substitute Decision-Makers in Other Jurisdictions: Selected Mechanisms and Processes
VI. Options and Opportunities for Reform
VII. Conclusion