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The LCO’s class actions project undertook the most extensive consultations on class actions in Canada.  Key elements of our consultation process included a Consultation Paper, written submissions from stakeholders, and a interviews and meetings with a broad range of individuals and organizations.


Consultation Paper on Class Actions

In March 2018, the Law Commission of Ontario released a public consultation paper on class actions in Ontario. 

A copy of the Consultation Paper is available here. 

A copy of the Executive Summary of the Consultation Paper is available here.

The Consultation Paper identified the general areas of inquiry for the LCO class actions project, including questions regarding:

  • Delay
  • Settlements and class actions outcomes
  • Costs
  • Counsel fees
  • Certification
  • Behaviour modification
  • Perspectives of class members
  • Multijurisdictional class actions
  • Carriage
  • Appeals
  • Empirical data collection


Written Submissions

The LCO received 32 written submissions from a broad cross-section of individuals and organizations.  The submissions are available here.


Individuals and Organizations Consulted

The LCO consulted with a wide range of individuals and organizations, including a broad cross section of lawyers, judges, class administrators, class members, community organizations, insurers, academics, justice system officials and government representatives.  The LCO consulted with individuals and organizations in Ontario, Quebec, British Columbia, Alberta, the United States and Australia. 

In accordance with the LCO’s Privacy Policy, the names of individuals who contributed to the project or who were interviewed by the LCO are not listed here. 

The LCO consulted representatives from the follow institutions or organizations.

  1. Acorn Canada
  2. Advocacy Centre for the Elderly
  3. Advocacy Centre for Tenants Ontario
  4. ARCH Disability Law Centre
  5. Association of Community Legal Clinics of Ontario
  6. Audren Rolland
  7. Bakerlaw
  8. Barreau du Québec, Comité sur l’action collective
  9. Bennett Jones
  10. Blake, Cassels & Graydon LLP
  11. Blaney McMurtry LLP
  12. Borden Ladner Gervais LLP
  13. Brauti Thorning LLP
  14. Branch MacMaster LLP
  15. Canada Cartage
  16. Canadian Environmental Law Association
  17. Canadian Internet Policy and Public Interest Clinic
  18. Canadian Vehicle Manufacturers’ Association
  19. Cassels Brock & Blackwell LLP
  20. Charney Lawyers
  21. Chinese Southeast Asian Legal Clinic
  22. Chubb Insurance Company of Canada
  23. City of Toronto, Legal Services Division
  24. Consumers Law Group
  25. Cour d’appel du Québec
  26. Cour supérieure du Québec
  27. Crawford and Company Class Actions Services
  28. EKG Professional Corporation
  29. Falconers LLP
  30. Fasken Martineau DuMoulin LLP
  31. Fonds d’aide aux actions collectives (Quebec public fund for class actions)
  32. Great West Life
  33. Huronia Group
  34. Income Security Advocacy Centre
  35. International Association of Defence Counsel
  36. Klippensteins
  37. Koskie Minsky LLP
  38. Law Foundation of Ontario
  39. McCarthy Tetrault
  40. Ministère de la Justice du Québec
  41. Olthuis, Kleer, Townshend LLP
  42. Ontario Bar Association, Class Actions Subcommittee
  43. Ontario Court of Appeal
  44. Ontario Ministry of the Attorney General
  45. Ontario Ministry of the Attorney General, Indigenous Justice Division
  46. Ontario Office of the Children’s Lawyer
  47. Ontario Office of the Public Guardian and Trustee
  48. Ontario Securities’ Commission
  49. Ontario Superior Court of Justice
  50. Osgoode Hall Law School
  51. Paliare Roland Rosenberg Rothstein LLP
  52. Renfrew Community Legal Clinic
  53. RicePoint Administration Inc.
  54. Siskinds LLP
  55. Sotos LLP
  56. Stikeman Elliott LLP
  57. Stipendiary Lecturer in Law, Oriel College, Oxford
  58. Stockwoods LLP
  59. The Bruneau Group
  60. Thomson Rogers Lawyers
  61. Torkin Manes LLP
  62. Torys LLP
  63. Trudel Johnston & Lespérance LLP
  64. University of Ottawa, Faculty of Law
  65. Waddell Phillips Professional Corporation